Gautama was born as Siddhartha in the Kshatria caste of the Shakya clan in 566 B.C.
in Kalpataru (now Lumbini in present day Nepal).
Popular legends represent him as the son of a great king, brought up amidst the
luxuries of a palace.
As he grew into manhood, Siddhartha was caught by the sufferings of the world
(old age, disease and death being important of them), left his riches to become
an ascetic and sought higher truth.
After years of study, meditation and sacrifice, he is known to have found the Nirvana
and became the Buddha or the completely enlightened.
Gautama Buddha adopted the life of a religious teacher from the age of thirty-five
till his death at the age of eighty (c. 486 B.C.).
He was a great teacher and had a tremendous following in the provinces of
Magadha, Kosala and all the neighboring territories.
He defined four noble truths (Arya Satyani):
1. The world is full of suffering
2. The desire is the root cause of worldly existence
3. Conquering desire and attachments are the only way to happiness
4. Conquering of desire must be done in the right way.
(More about The Buddha wil follow in the future)